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Sasuntsi Davit

New version of the Armenian History Timeline

The new version of the Armenian History timeline is based on the timeline on this page. However, it has a more interactive and visual interface. You can scroll though the time line and click on the event to see a pop-up summary. You can also search or color filter by a keyword on the displayed strip of the timeline. The timeline starts at 5000 BC - "Metsamor Castle". The project is still in progress. All the sources used are listed and cited. If you have any comments or questions, contact us at contact@myonearmenia.org or go to Contact page.

Armenian History Timeline
  • B.C.
  • 1 - 499
  • 500 - 999
  • 1000 - 1499
  • 1500 - 1799
  • 1800 - 1849
  • 1850 - 1899
  • 1900 - 1920
  • 1921 - 1987
  • 1988 - 1991
  • 1992 - 1999


  • B.C.

    • 2492 Hayk
    • 2400 Armens
    • 1500 Nairi Confederation on Armenian plateau
    • 1000 Iron works in Armenia
    • 870-590 Urartian Kingdom dominates Armenia
    • 800 (approx.) King Ara the Beautiful, legendary king of Armenia
    • 782 Founding of Erebuni Fortress, foundation of Yerevan.
    • 550 Founding of Van.
    • 520 Armenia mentioned as country in Behestun Stone.
    • 402-401 Retreat of Xenophon across Armenia.
    • 401 King Yervand I of Armenia is crowned. First Armenian dynasty.
    • 330 Alexander the Great in Armenia
    • 330-300 Reign of King Yervand II
    • 220-201 Reign of King Yervand the Last
    • 201 Fall of Yervandian dynasty.
    • 189-160 Reign of King Artashes I. Start of Artashesian dynasty
    • 170 Founding of Artashat, capital of Armenia
    • 160-95 Reigns of King Artavasd I, King Tiran(Diran) I, and King Tigran I
    • 95-55 Armenian Empire reaches greatest size and influence under King Tigran the Great
    • 69 Battle of Tigranakert
    • 68 Battle of Aratsani. Tigran the Great defeats Roman troops led by Lucculus
    • 66 Treaty of Artashat between Pompei and Tigran the Great
    • 55-34 Reign of King Artavasd II, who wrote plays in Greek
    • 53 Performance of The Bacchae at Artashat.
    • 35 Invasion of Armenia by Marc Anthony and capture of King Artavasd II.
    • 34 Roman commander Antonius captures Armenian King Artavazd II
    • 30 Romans conquer Armenian Empire
    • 30 - 20 Restoration of Kingdom of Armenia under King Artashes II

    A.D.

    1 - 499

    • 2 Fall of Ardashesian dynasty
    • 30 Abkar of Edessa, first Christian convert in Armenia
    • 48-49 Apostles Thaddeus and Bartholomew introduce Christianity to Armenia
    • 63-88 Reign of King Trdat I, Arghaguni dynasty established
    • 66 Construction of Fortress and Temple of Garni
    • 117-140 Reign of King Vagharsh I. Building of Vagharshapat
    • 144-186 Reign of King Sohimos
    • 186-198 Reign of King Vagharsh II
    • 198-215 Reign of King Khosrov I
    • 253 Sassanids of Persia occupy Armenia
    • 293-330 Reign of King Trdat III (aka Tiridates III). The treaty of Nisibin between Rome and Persia and restoration of Armenian Kingdom's independence
    • 301 (or more likely 310) Trdat III accepts Christianity for the Armenian people
    • 303 Construction of Ejmiatsin Cathedral started
    • 325 Council of Nicea, adoption of Nicean Creed. St. Aristakes (who is St. Gregory the Illuminators son) participates as one of the 318 founders of the Christian Church
    • 350-368 Reign of Arshak II, ends with his arrest by Persian King Shapuh II
    • 353-372 Catholicos Nerses the Great
    • 374-378 Reign of Varastad, participant in Olympic Games
    • 378-397 Reign of Arshag II
    • 395-405 Creation of Armenian Alphabet by Mesrob Mashdots
    • 5th-7th centuries - First golden age of Armenian culture
    • 400 Birth of historian Agathangelos
    • 422-428 Reign of Ardashes III
    • 425 Bible translated into Armenian
    • 450-451 Armenian revolt against Zoroastrianism
    • 451 Battle of Avarayr (Vartanantz) led by Vardan Mamikonian
    • 451 Council of Chalcedon
    • 482 Movses Khorenatsi, historian
    • 484 Treaty of Nuarsag between Armenians and Persians
    • 491 Armenian rejection of Chalcedon decisions

    500 - 999

    • 572 Revolt of Armenians against Persians
    • 591 Second partition of Armenia between Byzantium and Persia
    • 595 Revolt against Byzantium and Persia
    • 610-641 Heraclius, first Armenian Emperor of Byzantium
    • 610-685 Anania of Shirak, astronomer and mathematician
    • 618-630 Construction of Hripsime Church and Gayane Church begun
    • 637 Armenian Patriarchate established in Jerusalem
    • 640 First Arab invasion of Armenia
    • 643-652 Construction of Zvartnots Cathedral
    • 653 Byzantine Empire cedes Armenia to Arabs
    • 774-775 Armenian revolt against Arabs
    • 785-809 Harun-al-Rashid, Abassid Caliph
    • 9th-10th centuries
    • 806 Arabs install Bagratid family to govern Armenia
    • 813 Armenian prince Ashot I begins 1,000 years of rule in Georgia by Bagratid Dynasty.
    • 862-977 Second golden age of Armenian culture, under Ashot I and Ashot III
    • 884-890 Reign of Ashot I, Bagratuni dynasty
    • 890-914 Reign of Smbat I
    • 914-929 Reign of Ashot II
    • 916 Cathedral of Aghtamar constructed
    • 950-1000 Grigor Narekatsi, mystical poet and theologian
    • 961 Founding of Ani, capital of Armenia
    • 970-990 Reign of Smbat II

    1000 - 1499

    • 985-1001 Construction of Ani Cathedral
    • 990-1020 Reign of Gagik I
    • 11th-14th centuries Byzantine Greeks invade Armenia from west, Seljuk Turks from east.
    • 1041-1048 Seljuk invasion of Armenia
    • 1042-1080 Armenian migration to Cilicia
    • 1045 Fall of Bagratuni dynasty
    • 1071 Battle of Manzikert, Seljuk occupation of Armenia
    • 1080 Rupenian Principality established in Cilicia
    • 1098-1099 Cilician Armenians assists First Crusade
    • 1101-1173 Nerses Shnorhali - poet, clergyman, composer of sharagans
    • 1113 Catholicosate established at Aghtamar
    • 1124, 1174 Revolts of the population of Ani against foreign rule
    • 1130-1213 Mkhitar Gosh, compiler of Armenian code of laws
    • 1149 Catholicosate of Ejmiatsin relocated to Hromgla in Cilicia
    • 1153-1198 Nerses Lambronatsi, theologian and diplomat
    • 1184 Mkhitar Heratsi, clergyman, author of medical encyclopedia
    • 1189-1192 Third Crusade passes through Cilician Armenia
    • 1198-1219 Reign of Levon II
    • 1206-1207 Liberation of Kars
    • 1219-1250 Reign of Zabel, Queen of Armenia
    • 1226-1270 Reign of Hetum I
    • 1230-1300 Frik, Armenian poet, prisoner of Mongols
    • 1250-1288 Toros Roslin, master artist of illuminated manuscripts
    • 1253-1256 Hetum I visits Mangu Khan at Karakorum
    • 1266 Mameluk invasion of Cilicia
    • 1270-1289 Reign of Levon III
    • 1271 Marco Polo travels through Armenia
    • 1280 Medieval universities of Gladzor and Tatev established
    • 1289-1305 Reign of Hetum II
    • 1307 Levon IV killed by Mongols
    • 1307-1320 Reign of Oshin
    • 1320-1342 Reign of Levon V
    • 1345-1363 Reign of Constantine IV
    • 1374-1375 Levon VI defeated by Mongols
    • 1375 Cilician Armenia conquered by Mamluk Turks
    • 1376-1424 Rule of Prince Constantine in mountainous Cilicia
    • 1402-1405 Mass migration of Armenians from Cilicia
    • 1402 Last invasion of Armenia by Timur the Lame (Tamerlane)
    • 1405-1502 Invasions by Black Sheep and White Sheep Turkomans
    • 1441 Reestablishment of Holy Seat at Ejmiatsin
    • 1453 Fall of Constantinople, end of Byzantine Empire
    • 1461 Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople established
    • 1478 Armneian migration to Bruges, Belgium
    • 1489-1588 Sinan, greatest architect of Ottoman Empire
    • 15th century - Most of modern Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia become part of Ottoman Empire

    1500 - 1799

    • 1501-1722 Ottoman-Safavid conflicts
    • 1512 Printing of first Armenian books
    • 1519 Decree of King Sigismund I that Armenians in Poland by governed under code of laws by Mkhitar Gosh; Fables by Mkhitar Gosh in Armenian
    • 1547-1575 Secret Church meetings to seek ways to help Armenia
    • 1555 Ottoman-Persian partition of Armenia
    • 1567 Establishment of Armenian printing press in Constantinople
    • 1587-1629 Reign of Shah Abbas in Persia
    • 1612 Peace treaty between Ottoman Empire and Persia
    • 1619 Testimony of Martin the Armenian in Virginia court case
    • 1637 Theological seminary established at Ejmiatsin
    • 1637-1695 Eremia Kiumurjian, historian, poet, musician
    • 1648 Major earthquake in Van
    • 1658-1711 Israel Ori, voyager throughout Europe in search of aid for Armenia
    • 1666 First printing of Armenian Bible
    • 1667 Commercial treaty between Russia and Isfahan Armenians
    • 1676-1749 Mkhitar of Sepastia, founder of Catholic Mkhitarist order
    • 1677 Secret meeting called by Catholicos Hagop Jughaetsi
    • 1682-1725 Reign of Peter the Great in Russia
    • 1695 Printing of Armenian books in Amsterdam
    • 1709-1784 Zacharia Shehrimanian, well known Armenian merchant of the Shehrimanian family
    • 1712-1795 Sayat Nova, renowned Armenian poet, troubadour
    • 1722-1730 Exploits of David Beg
    • 1723-1797 Shahamir Shahamirian, political philosopher
    • 1759 Arrival of Hovsep Emin in Armenia
    • 1778 Establishment of Nor Nakhichevan
    • 1784- 1788 Publication of Mikael Chamchian's three Volumes work History of the Armenians
    • 1794 Publication of Aztarar in Madras India

    1800 - 1849

    • 1809-1848 Khachatur Abovian, novelist poet, playwright
    • 1810,1818 Zeitountsi revolts
    • 1811 Mkhitarist order of Vienna founded
    • 1813 Treaty of Gulistan
    • 1815 Lazarian Institute in Moscow founded
    • 1816-1817 Lord Byron at San Lazarro
    • 1817-1900 Hovhannes (Ivan) Aivazovsky, seascape painter
    • 1820-1901 Ghevond Alishan, Mkhitarist scholar
    • 1820-1907 Mkrtich Khrimian Hairik, Pathriarch and Catholicos
    • 1821 Establishment of Armenian Academy (Jemaran) in India
    • 1824 Founding of Nersessian Academy in Tiflis
    • 1826-1858 Nickolas Balian, architect in Constantinople
    • 1827 Occupation of Yerevan, (Capital of Armenia) by Russian forces
    • 1828 Treaty of Turkmanchay awards Nakhichevan and area around Erevan to Russia, strengthening Russian control of Transcaucasia and beginning period of modernization and security.
    • 1828-1840 Creation of Armenia Oblast in Russian Empire
    • 1828-1868 Mkrtich Beshiktashian, poet
    • 1829-1866 Mikayel Nalbandian, patriotic poet
    • 1830-1892 Kamar Katiba, nationalist poet
    • 1835-1888 Raffi, renowned novelist
    • 1836 Murad Raphaelian School opened in Venice
    • 1836-1898 Tigran Chouhajian, opera composer
    • 1840-1892 Karekin Srvantsdian, compiler of David of Sassoun legend
    • 1841-1891 Hakob Paronian, palywright, satirist
    • 1842-1901 Srpouhi Dussap, feminist writer
    • 1842-1918 Abdul Hamid II, the bloody Sultan
    • Publication of Pazmaveb begun at San Lazzaro
    • 1846-1909 Ashough Jivan, troubadour
    • 1848 First Armenian Protestant Church in Constantinople
    • 1848-1921 Mkrtich Portugalian, journalist, political activist

    1850 - 1899

    • 1850 First girl school opened in Yerevan
    • 1851-1872 Petros Durian, romantic poet
    • 1851-1930 Boghos Nubar Pasha, one of the founders of AGBU
    • 1856-1946 Henry Morgenthau, US Ambassador to Turkey
    • 1859-1937 Diana Abkar, Armenian Ambassador to Japan
    • 1860-1932 Loe, historian
    • 1861-1915 Krigor Zohrab, essayist
    • 1861-1930 Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian statesman, helped Genocide victims
    • 1863 Adoption of Armenian Constitution
    • 1863-1934 Sybil, novelist, poet
    • 1863-1945 Mihran Damadian, writer, political leader
    • 1864-1934 Toros Toromanian, architect
    • 1865-1927 Andranik Ozanian, leader of Armenian volunteer forces
    • 1866-1948 Avetis Aharonian, author, political leader
    • 1869-1923 Hovhannes Tumanyan, poet, author of epics and folk tales
    • 1869-1935 Komitas Vardapet, compiler of Armenian folk music
    • 1869-1951 Levon Shant, editor, writer
    • 1870-1907 Gevorg Chavoush, leader liberation movement
    • 1871-1928 Alexander Spendarian, classical composer
    • 1874-1945 Alexander Khatisian, Prime Minister of first Republic of Armenia
    • 1875-1957 Avetik Isahakian, poet
    • 1876-1953 Hrachia Ajarian, linguist
    • 1878 Treaty of San Stefano
    • 1878 Hagop Serobian, first Armenian in Fresno
    • 1878 "Armenian question" emerges at Congress of Berlin; disposition of Armenia becomes ongoing European issue.
    • 1878-1915 Siamanto, poet
    • 1878-1918 Stepan Shahumian, Bolshevik leader in Baku
    • 1878-1936 Alexander Tamanian, architect of Yerevan
    • 1878-1943 Zabel Yessaian, novelsit, educator
    • 1878-1945 Vahan Tekeyan, poet, political leader
    • 1879-1919 Aram Manukian, leader of defense of Van
    • 1879-1950 Armen Tigranian, opera composer
    • 1880-1972 Martiros Sarian, painter of Armenian life
    • 1881 First Armenian Protestant Church in The US
    • 1882-1950 Ruben Ter-Minasian, leader of defense of Sassoun
    • 1882-1969 Simon Vratsian, Prime Minister of first Republic of Armenia, writer
    • 1883-1948 Hagop Oshakan, novelist, literary critic
    • 1884-1915 Daniel Varoujan, lyric poet
    • 1885 Armenagan party founded
    • 1886-1908 Misak Medzarents, lyric poet
    • 1887 Hnchakian party founded
    • 1890 Armenian Revolutionary Federation (Dashnaktsutiun) founded
    • 1890-1945 Franz Werfel, author of Forty Days of Musa Dagh
    • 1891 First Armenian revolutionary party formed
    • 1891 First Armenian Apostolic Church in the US
    • 1895 Massacre of 300,000 Armenian subjects by Ottoman Turks
    • 1895-1971 Gregory Peter Agajanian, first Armenian Cardinal
    • 1896 Occupation of the Ottoman Bank
    • 1897 Khanasor expedition
    • 1897-1937 Yeghishe Charents, poet
    • 1899 Publication of Hairenik begun
    • 1899-1987 Rouben Mamoulian, pioneer movie director

    1900 - 1920

    • 1910-1978 Margaret Mead, anthropologist
    • 1903-1978 Aram Khachatourian, composer of classical music
    • 1904-1948 Arshile Gorky, abstract painter
    • 1906 AGBU founded in Cairo
    • 1908 Young Turks take over government of Ottoman Empire with reform agenda, supported by Armenian population.
    • 1908-1981 William Saroyan, Armenian-American writer
    • 1908-1996 Victor Hambardzumian, astrophysicist
    • 1909 Massacres in Cilicia
    • 1910 Armenian Relief Society established
    • 1911 Alan Hovhannes, composer of classical music
    • 1914-1980 Hovhannes Shiraz, nationalistic poet
    • 1915 Defense of Musa Dagh
    • 1915-1918 Armenian Genocide - 1,500,000 Armenians perish at hands of Turks
    • 1917 Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia form independent Transcaucasian federation. Tsar Nicholas II abdicates Russian throne. Bolsheviks take power in Russia
    • AMAA established
    • 1918 Independent Armenian, Azerbaijani, and Georgian states emerge from defeat of Ottoman Empire in World War I
    • 1919 Woodrow Wilson at the Paris Peace Conference
    • 1920 Red Army invades Azerbaijan and forces Armenia to accept communist-dominated government
    • 1920 Treaty of Sevres (text of Treaty of Sevres)
    • 1920 November 29 - Sovietization of Armenia

    1921 - 1987

    • 1921 Ramkavar party founded
    • 1921 Assassination of Talaat Pasha
    • 1922 Burning of Smyrna by Turks
    • 1922 Transcaucasian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic combines Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia as single republic within Soviet Union
    • 1923 Treaty of Lausanne
    • 1924-1971 Paruyr Sevak, gifted Armenian poet (Paruyr Sevak in Armenian)
    • 1930 Transfer of Holy Seat of Cilicia to Antelias
    • 1936 Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia become separate republics within Soviet Union.
    • 1936-37 Purges under political commissar Lavrenti Beria reach their peak in Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia
    • 1943 Armenian Academy of Sciences established in Yerevan
    • mid 1940s to 1950s A couple of hundred thousand Diasporan Armenians repatriated to Soviet Armenia under Stalins encouragement, especially from the mid-east
    • 1948-51 Stalin orders over 100,000 Azerbaijanis moved from Armenian SSR to Azerbaijan SSR
    • 1964 First Armenian day school in the US
    • 1964-1965 Anastas Mikoyan, Secretary of State of USSR during the Stalin and Khrushchev years
    • 1967 Armenian Martyrs Memorial Monument erected in Montebello
    • 196 Tsitsernakaberd Genocide Monument built in Yerevan
    • 1974 Moscow installs regime of Karen Demirchian in Armenia to end party corruption, regime later removed for corruption
    • 1983-1991 George Deukmejian, Governor of California
    • Late 1980s Mikhail Gorbachev initiates policies of glasnost and perestroika throughout Soviet Union

    1988 - 1991

    • 1988 Armenian nationalist movement revived by Karabakh and corruption concerns
    • 1988 February 20 - Nagorno-Karabakh government votes to unify that autonomous region of Azerbaijan with Armenia
    • 1988 February 27-28 Sumgait Pogram in Azerbaijan targets Armenians
    • 1988 December 7 - Disastrous earthquake in northern Armenia, epicentered in Spitak, levels that town and heavily damages city of Leninakan (now Gyumri)
    • 1989 Spring - Mass demonstrations in Armenia achieve release of Karabakh Committee arrested by Soviets to quell nationalist movement
    • 1989 September - Azerbaijan begins blockade of Armenian fuel and supply lines over Karabakh issue
    • 1989 Fall - Azerbaijani opposition parties lead mass protests against Soviet rule; national sovereignty officially proclaimed
    • 1989 November - Nagorno-Karabakh National Council declares unification of Nagorno-Karabakh with Armenia
    • 1990 January - Armenians in Baku attacked by mobs. Moscow sends troops to Azerbaijan, nominally to stem violence against Armenians over Karabakh.
    • 1990 Spring - Levon Ter Petrosian of Armenian Pannational Movement chosen chairman of Armenian Supreme Soviet
    • 1991 January - Georgian forces invade South Ossetia in response to independence movement there, fighting continues all year. Soviet troops invade Azerbaijan ostensibly to halt anti-Armenian pogroms.
    • 1991 September 21 - Armenian voters approve national independence
    • 1991 October - Azerbaijani referendum declares Azerbaijan independent of Soviet Union. Levon Ter Petrosian elected president of Armenia.
    • 1991 December - Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh declare independent state as fighting there continues. Soviet Union officially dissolved.

    1992 - 1999

    • 1992 May 9 - Armenian forces take control over Shushi
    • 1992 Spring - Armenian forces occupy Lachin corridor linking Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia.
    • 1992 June - Abulfaz Elchibey elected president of Azerbaijan and forms first post communist government there.
    • 1992 June - Military coup deposes Elchibey in Azerbaijan. Aliyev returns to power.
    • 1992 Fall - Multilateral negotiations seek settlement of Karabakh conflict, without result. Fighting, blockade, and international negotiation continue into 1994.
    • 1992 October - Aliyev elected president of Azerbaijan
    • 1992 Karabakh declaration of Independence
    • 1992 Armenia admitted to the United Nations
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